電力零售Electric Power Retailing

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電力零售Electric Power Retailing(中文5200字,英文2900字)
隨著北美電力行業的結構調整之前,作為一個電力零售商未來電力銷售能盈利經營嗎?具體而言,在競爭的銷售市場中,電力銷售,一般的天然氣工業,如何能夠與現任電力公司及其無管制的子公司進行競爭?
什么職能彌補了電力行業的零售部分?可實際上,他們能分開嗎?未來電力銷售商預計哪部分可以將有利可圖?
潛在電力營銷商能如何優化其現有零售資產?未來電力銷售商應該解除目前正在做的工作的一部分合同?
未來的電力營銷商應該添加其他輔助性企業,特別是天然氣嗎?這應該如何去做?
背景
從它成立以來,電力供應行業可以簡單地分為三個基本組成部分:
(1)發電
(2)傳輸
(3)分布
最初,電力公司擁有所有這些資產,這些資產在它的特許經營領域內被發現。隨著行業的發展以及它的巨大的增長,從鄰國電力市場購買高峰電價和儲備電力的能力,有時會更經濟。隨著電力行業的發展,電力輸送意為著在電力設施它之間的電流。因此,對于一些不同程度最水電事業參與到企業的批發電力給對方的商業行為,往往作為買家和賣家。

Electric Power Retailing
With the pending restructuring of the North American electric power industry, can a prospective power marketer profitably operate as a electric power retailer? Specifically, how will a power marketer, generally out of the natural gas industry, be able to compete against the incumbent electric utility and its unregulated affiliates in competitive retail markets?
 What functions make up the retail segment of the electric power industry? Can they be segregated practicably? In which segments can a prospective power marketer expect to be profitable?
 How can a prospective power marketer optimize its current retail assets? Should it contract out a segment of the work currently done in that segment?
  Should a prospective power marketer add in other complementary businesses, particularly natural gas? How should this be done?
   BACKGROUND
  From it’s inception, he electrical supply industry could simply be divided into three basic components:
(1)    Generation
(2)    Transmission
(3)    Distribution

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