北京市居民生存壓力的緩解途徑和社會信心的形成機制研究(碩士)

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北京市居民生存壓力的緩解途徑和社會信心的形成機制研究(碩士)(論文36000字)
Research for Measures to Relieve the Survival Stress and Form the Social Confidence of Beijing Residents
摘要
隨著經濟的高速發展和產業結構轉型的加快,人們在物質生活和精神生活上都有了極大的提高。然而,居民在享受生活的同時,工作和生活中所承受的壓力也越來越大。近年來,關于居民生活壓力的報道屢屢出現于網絡、電視、報紙等媒體。所以對于生存壓力和社會信心的研究已經成為了一種趨勢,而如何研究也成為了一項挑戰。
本文根據對生存壓力和社會信心相關文獻的總結,結合實際利用人們在社會生活中對各方面在過去、現在、將來三個時態上的評價,來確定個人的生存壓力程度和社會信心程度。本文對于生存壓力程度和社會信心程度的確定采用了全新的計算流程。首先通過收集到的數據計算出個人的生存壓力指數和社會信心指數,然后進一步根據核密度估計的思想,估計生存壓力和社會信心的概率密度,進而得出居民總體生存壓力指數和社會信心指數的估計值,接著本文對于計算得到的個人生存壓力指數和社會信心指數進行合理區間的界定,這樣有助于個人清楚地認識自身的壓力和信心情況;除此之外本文還使用了決策樹的方法,生成了一顆關于判斷生存壓力和社會信心是否合理的決策樹,目的是為個人提供一種利用個人情況來預測壓力和信心情況的方法,有利于個人及時判斷是否需要緩解生存壓力和提升社會信心;通過上述探索,探究社會壓力和信心的影響因素,最終得出從社會方面和個人方面如何緩解生存壓力和形成社會信心的方法。
研究生存壓力和社會信心對于社會的和諧發展有著重要的作用,高強度的壓力很容
易導致個人的不健康發展,進而對社會生活環境產生消極影響,甚至會完全失去社會信 心,產生犯罪等極端行為。個人的惡性發展將會影響人們對社會的信心,最終會導致社 會的不健康發展。緩解生存壓力和提升社會信心可以在一定程度上避免上述情況的出現, 對于我們經濟的蓬勃發展、社會的和諧穩定及居民的安居樂業都有著重要的意義。
關鍵詞:生存壓力;社會信心;核密度估計;決策樹

Abstract
With the development of the economy, people have made great changes in material and spiritual life. However, the impact of this change is enormous, the social mobility is greatly accelerated, and the increasingly fierce social competition is a major influence. Nowadays, residents enjoy more and more stress in their work and life while enjoying life. In recent years, reports on the stress of residents' lives have frequently appeared on the Internet, television, newspapers and other media. Therefore, research on survival stress and social confidence has become a trend, and how to study has become a challenge.
Based on a summary of the relevant literature on the stress of survival and social confidence, the paper combines the past, present, and future tenses to collect assessments of people’s various aspects of social life, and finally determine the degree of personal stress and The degree of confidence. This paper uses a completely new calculation process for the determination of stress level and confidence level. Firstly, the individual's survival stress index and social confidence index are calculated through the collected data. Then, based on the idea of nuclear density estimation, the probability density of survival stress and social confidence is estimated, and the overall survival stress index and social confidence index of residents are obtained. In the end, this paper defines the reasonable interval for the calculated personal survival stress index and social confidence index, which helps the individual to clearly understand their own stress and confidence. In addition, this paper also uses the decision tree method. A decision tree for judging the stress of survival and social confidence has been generated. The purpose is to provide individuals with a way to use their personal circumstances to predict the stress and confidence. Through the above exploration, the influencing factors of social stress and confidence are explored. Find out how to ease the stress of survival and form social confidence from the social and personal aspects.
Studying the stress of survival and social confidence has an important role to play in the harmonious development of society. Relieving the stress of survival and enhancing social confidence can prevent the emergence of extreme events in society. It is important for the flourishing development of our economy, the harmony and stability of society, and the peaceful and stable life of residents.
Key Words:Survival Stress; Social Confidence; Nuclear Density Estimation; Decision Tree

目錄
第 1 章 緒論 ............................................................. 1
1.1 研究背景和選題意義 ................................................ 1
1.2 國內外關于生存壓力和社會信心研究的述評 ............................ 2
1.2.1 生存壓力 ..................................................... 2
1.2.2 社會信心 ..................................................... 3
1.2.3 生存壓力和社會信心之間的關系 ................................. 4
1.3 研究思路 .......................................................... 5
1.4 創新點 ............................................................ 6
1.5 文章結構 .......................................................... 7
第 2 章 生存壓力緩解與社會信心形成的研究基礎 ............................. 8
2.1 理論基礎 .......................................................... 8
2.1.1 生存壓力的界定 ............................................... 8
2.1.2 社會信心的界定 ............................................... 8
2.2 研究方法 .......................................................... 9
2.2.1 問卷調查法 ................................................... 9
2.2.2 時態差值法 ................................................... 9
2.2.3 核密度估計 .................................................. 10
2.2.4 決策樹 ...................................................... 11
2.3 數據基礎 ......................................................... 11
2.3.1 問卷的形成方式 .............................................. 11
2.3.2 問卷的相關內容 .............................................. 11
2.3.3 問卷的發放方式 .............................................. 12
第 3 章 生存壓力緩解和社會信心形成的數據處理 ............................ 13
3.1 數據清洗 ......................................................... 13
3.2 數據審核 ......................................................... 13
3.2.1 問卷信度檢驗 ................................................ 13
3.2.2 問卷效度檢驗 ................................................ 14
3.3 樣本分析 ......................................................... 14
3.4 本章小結 ......................................................... 16
第 4 章 生存壓力指數與社會信心指數的測算 ................................ 17
4.1 生存壓力和社會信心的形成機制 ..................................... 17
4.2 測算個人生存壓力和個人社會信心的指數 ............................. 18
4.2.1 個人指數測算模型 ............................................ 18
4.2.2 個人生存壓力指數的實證測算 .................................. 20
4.2.3 個人社會信心指數的實證測算 .................................. 21
4.3 測算總體生存壓力和總體社會信心的指數 ............................. 23
4.3.1 總體指數測算模型 ............................................ 23
4.3.2 居民總體生存壓力指數的實證測算 .............................. 23
4.3.3 居民總體社會信心指數的實證測算 .............................. 26
4.4 本章小結 ......................................................... 28
第 5 章 生存壓力指數與社會信心指數的合理區間 ............................ 29
 5.1 生存壓力和社會信心的相關性 ....................................... 29
5.1.1 相關性描述 .................................................. 29
5.1.2 秩相關檢驗及計算相關系數 .................................... 30
5.2 生存壓力指數的界限確定 ........................................... 33
5.2.1 計算生存壓力指數的上限 ...................................... 33
5.2.2 計算生存壓力指數的下限 ...................................... 35
5.2.3 生存壓力指數的合理區間 ...................................... 37
5.3 社會信心的合理界限 ............................................... 37
5.4 生存壓力和社會信心的聯合區間 ..................................... 39
5.5 本章小結 ......................................................... 41
第 6 章 生存壓力的緩解和社會信心的形成 .................................. 42
6.1 生存壓力的緩解途徑 ............................................... 42
6.1.1 緩解生存壓力的人群 .......................................... 42
6.1.2 影響生存壓力的因素 .......................................... 43
6.1.3 緩解生存壓力的政策建議 ...................................... 44
6.2 社會信心的形成機制 ............................................... 46
6.2.1 提升社會信心的人群 .......................................... 46
6.2.2 影響社會信心的因素 .......................................... 47
6.2.3 形成社會信心的政策建議 ...................................... 48
6.3 本章小結 ......................................................... 49
結論及展望 ............................................................. 50
參考文獻 ............................................................... 52
附錄 A 北京市居民生存壓力與社會信心調查問卷 ............................. 54
致謝 ................................................................... 59

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