城市生活垃圾廢棄物流系統的現狀、問題及對策分析

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城市生活垃圾廢棄物流系統的現狀、問題及對策分析(論文8800字)
摘  要
進入21世紀以來,隨著經濟的高速發展,城市化發展水平隨之提高,人們物質生活水平不斷提高。人們享受著豐富的物質生活帶來便利的同時,也在不同程度遭受環境污染的威脅。當廢棄物的產生速度超過大自然的自我消化速度時,這種威脅就更加顯而易見。城市生活垃圾是導致城市環境污染的重要原因之一。中國城市環境衛生協會統計,我國每年產生近10億噸垃圾,其中生活垃圾產生量約4億噸,建設垃圾5億噸左右,此外,還有餐廚垃圾1000萬噸左右。然而,隨著我國城鎮化進程的加快以及人民生活水平的不斷提高,城市生活垃圾還在以每年5%-8%左右的速度遞增。這給我們敲響了一個警鐘-垃圾正在包圍我們生活的城市。作為新一線城市的東莞也面臨著垃圾圍城的威脅,在處理城市生活垃圾廢棄物的問題上,也極具挑戰。本論文是通過對城市生活垃圾廢棄物流系統的研究,尋找問題及原因,借鑒外國經驗。提出解決對策,從而優化系統。在城市生活垃圾回收處理的過程中降低對環境的污染,提高廢棄物再利用率,減少資源浪費。
關鍵詞:城市生活垃圾  廢棄物  廢棄物流 

Abstract
Since entering the 21st century, with the rapid economic development, the level of urban development has been improved, and people's material standard of living has been constantly improved. While people enjoy the convenience of rich material life, they are also threatened by environmental pollution to varying degrees. The threat becomes more apparent when waste is produced faster than nature can digest itself. Municipal solid waste is one of the important causes of urban environmental pollution. According to the statistics of China urban environmental health association, China produces nearly 1 billion tons of garbage every year, including 400 million tons of household garbage, 500 million tons of construction garbage, and 10 million tons of kitchen garbage. However, with the acceleration of China's urbanization process and the continuous improvement of people's living standards, urban household garbage is still increasing at a rate of about 5%-8% per year. This gives us a wake-up call -- rubbish is surrounding the city where we live. Dongguan, as a new first-tier city, is also facing the threat of garbage siege. It is also extremely challenging to deal with the problem of urban household garbage. This paper is based on the research of urban household garbage waste logistics system, to find problems and reasons, learn from foreign experience. Propose solutions to optimize the system. In the process of urban household garbage recycling and treatment, it can reduce environmental pollution, improve the reuse rate of waste and reduce the waste of resources.

Keywords:  Waste logistics   Waste   Waste flows 

目  錄
一、緒論    1
二、研究相關基礎理論    1
(一)城市生活垃圾的定義    1
(二)廢棄物流的定義    2
(三) 城市生活垃圾廢棄物流系統    2
三、城市生活垃圾廢棄物流系統現狀分析    3
(一)發達國家城市生活垃圾廢棄物流系統現狀    3
1、日本城市生活垃圾廢棄物流系統    3
2、德國城市生活垃圾廢棄物流系統    3
3、發達國家城市生活垃圾廢棄物流系統的借鑒經驗    4
(二)我國城市生活垃圾廢棄物流系統現狀    4
四、東莞城市生活垃圾廢棄物流系統研究    5
(一)東莞城市生活垃圾廢棄物流系統的現狀    5
1、東莞城市生活垃圾廢棄物流系統的現狀    5
2、東莞城市生活垃圾廢棄物流系統的問題    6
3、東莞城市生活垃圾廢棄物流系統的優化    7
(二)東莞城市生活垃圾廢棄物流系統的實施對策    8
1、完善廢棄物流系統政策制度,合理布局垃圾回收點和處理點    8
2、制定明確的垃圾分類要求與標準,嚴格執行垃圾分類制度    9
3、配置與系統匹配的垃圾回收處理的設施設備    9
4、加大教育宣傳力度,提高市民垃圾分類意識    9
5、轉變城市生活垃圾的末端處理方法    9
五、總結與展望    10
參考文獻    10
致謝    12

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