快遞包裝廢棄物回收模式研究

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快遞包裝廢棄物回收模式研究(任務書,開題報告,外文翻譯,論文說明書17000字)
摘  要
近年來,隨著電商平臺和快遞物流業的迅猛發展,網購已經成為人們購買商品的一種主流方式。統計數據表明過去10年里,我國每年快遞業務量增長率超過了40%,占到了全球總業務量一半以上。隨著快遞業的興旺發展,源源不斷的快遞包裹送往校園,快遞包裝物被隨處丟棄。在快遞物流業繁榮的背后,怎樣處理社會以及人口密集處的快遞包裝廢棄物,已經了成為一個棘手的問題。在日常的網購中,快遞的拆封等行為會產生大量生活垃圾,垃圾回收站負荷過大,處理快遞包裝廢棄物回收的問題迫在眉睫。
本文主要介紹了社會環境中快遞行業的廢棄物回收模式,以高校為例,討論四種主要模式的利弊,并且構建模型,填充拉格朗日算法模型中具體要素,通過實地考察,方法主要是訪問相關從業者,得出模型測算結果,最后將四種模式具體成本和效益兩兩比較,從而確定哪種模式適合高校快遞包裝回收,就該模式存在的問題進行提出和改進。本文將分為五個部分,第一部分介紹研究背景以及意義,通過對國內外學者研究的概括來深入對快遞行業的理解,第二部分概括社會整體快遞包裝物回收現狀。第三部分,介紹五種回收模式,分別是無償回收模式,收取押金模式,電商企業自營回收模式,第三方物流回收模型和以垃圾回收站為主導的回收模式。然后介紹其特點定義,對比它們之間的優劣。第四部分,構建模型,填充具體數據,將四種模式一一測算,相互比較,得出適合高校的模式類型。第五部分,對現有模式的問題進行分析,把未來可能出現的情況的進行展望,得出相關結論。
本文主要列舉了五種快遞包裝廢棄物的回收模式,為社會或者高校提供了可行的四種理論上的方案,并且在具體環境下比較了它們各自的優劣,讓具體實施者可以在理論上選擇效益或者回收效率更高的一種模式方案。
關鍵詞:快遞;包裝廢棄物;回收模式;效益核算;選擇模型

Abstract
In recent years, with the rapid development of e-commerce platforms and express logistics, online shopping has become a mainstream way for people to buy goods. From a macro perspective, data show that in the past 10 years, China's annual express delivery volume has increased by more than 40%, accounting for more than half of the total global business volume. With the booming development of express industry, a steady stream of express packages are sent to campus, and the packages are discarded everywhere. Behind the prosperity of express logistics industry, how to deal with the express packaging waste in the society and densely populated areas has become a thorny problem. In daily online shopping, the unpacking of express delivery and other behaviors will generate a large amount of household garbage, and the waste recycling station will be overloaded. Therefore, it is extremely urgent to deal with the recycling of express packaging waste.
This paper mainly studies the social environment of waste recycling industry model, in colleges and universities, for example, the advantages and disadvantages of four kinds of main mode, and build the model, fill the Lagrange algorithm specific elements in the model and data, combined with field investigation and visit to express practitioners, model calculation results, the final will be four patterns and comparing two specific costs and benefits, to determine which model is suitable for the express packaging recycling, existing problems are put forward on the mode and improvement. This paper will be divided into five parts. The first part introduces the background and significance of the research, through the summary of domestic and foreign scholars to deepen the understanding of the express industry, the second part summarizes the overall social express packaging recycling status. In the third part, five recycling modes are introduced, namely, free recycling mode, deposit collection mode, self-owned recycling mode of e-commerce enterprises, third-party logistics recycling model and waste recycling station as the leading recycling mode. Then introduce the definition of their characteristics and compare their advantages and disadvantages. The fourth part builds the model, fills the concrete data, calculates one by one the four kinds of patterns, compares mutually, obtains the pattern type which suits the university. In the fifth part, the problems of the existing model are analyzed, the possible future situation is forecasted, and relevant conclusions are drawn.
This paper mainly lists five recycling modes of express packaging waste, provides four feasible theoretical schemes for the society or universities, and compares their advantages and disadvantages in the specific environment, so that the concrete implementer can choose a mode scheme with higher efficiency or efficiency in theory.
Key Words:Express delivery, Packaging waste,Recovery model, Benefit accounting  Model selection
 

目錄
第1章 緒論    1
1.1研究背景    1
1.2 研究意義    1
1.2.1理論意義    1
1.2.2現實意義    2
1.3國內外研究狀況    2
1.3.1 國外研究現狀    2
1.3.2 國內研究現狀    3
1.4主要研究內容及技術路線    3
第2章 快遞包裝廢棄物回收的理論基礎    5
2.1快遞包裝廢棄物的內涵    5
2.1.1快遞包裝物的定義及回收規模    5
2.1.2快遞包裝物的特點    6
2.1.3快遞包裝物的類型    6
2.2快遞包裝廢棄物回收要求    6
2.3快遞包裝廢棄物回收面臨的問題    6
2.3.1標準化管理的缺失    6
2.3.2回收成本高    7
2.3.3第三方回收物流存在風險    7
2.3.4缺乏實施回收物流的信息管理系統    8
2.3.5回收物流與正向物流的沖突    8
2.4快遞包裝物回收未來趨勢    8
第3章 回收模式介紹以及選擇    10
3.1快遞包裝廢棄物無償回收模式    10
3.2快遞包裝廢棄物收取押金回收模式    10
3.3電商企業自營回收模式    11
3.4第三方物流回收模式    11
3.5以垃圾回收站為主的回收模式    11
3.6 小結    12
第4章 快遞包裝廢棄物回收模式比較與分析    13
4.1電商企業自營與第三方物流回收模式比較    13
4.1.1假設條件    13
4.1.2參數設置    13
4.1.3模型計算    15
4.1.4比較分析    17
4.2定價模型研究    20
4.3押金回收模式和垃圾回收站模式比較分析    20
4.3.1假設條件    20
4.3.2參數設置    21
4.3.3 模型計算    21
4.4實證分析——以高校校園快遞包裝廢棄物為例    22
4.4.1高校快遞回收物流簡介    22
4.4.2電商企業自營和第三方物流回收模式比較    23
4.4.3押金回收模式和垃圾回收站模式比較分析    24
4.5小結    26
第5章 結論與展望    27
5.1 研究總結    27
5.2 研究不足與展望    27
參考文獻    29
致謝    31

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