汽車空調系統的結構、原理與檢修

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汽車空調系統的結構、原理與檢修(論文6000字)
摘 要
   汽車空調系統可以對車廂實現制冷、加熱、換氣的裝置。目前,空調裝置已經成為衡量汽車功能、汽車配置以及汽車價格的重要標志之一。良好的空調系統可以有效降低駕駛員的疲勞感,提供良好的乘車環境,間接提升行車安全。
    伴隨著社會經濟的發展,汽車行業伴隨著當前的社會背景,也得到了前所未有的發展機遇。人們的生活水平提高,汽車的普及程度也逐年上升。過去,人們主要追求汽車的可靠性及安全性。發展至現在,人們逐漸重視對汽車駕駛的舒適性要求。因此,在現代轎車中,空調系統是一項必不可少的基本配備。在未來,人們對于空調系統的優化逐漸成為發展的潮流。
最近幾年,環保問題逐漸成為人們日益關注的焦點,與此同時也是影響汽車發展的一項重要因素。人們開始研發及追求新型能源動力車,從而取代傳統能源汽車,以達到保護環境的目的。所以,這就為汽車的空調系統帶來了新的挑戰。
    對此,筆者基于空調系統的結構、工作原理、檢測維修這三個角度出發,進行系統全面的闡述。
關鍵詞:空調系統,結構,工作原理,檢測維修

abstract
The automobile air conditioning system can be used to refrigerate, heat and air the car. At present, the air conditioning system has become one of the important signs to measure the function of the car, the configuration of the car and the price of the car. A good air conditioning system can effectively reduce the fatigue of the driver, provide a good vehicle environment, and indirectly improve the safety of driving.
Along with the social and economic development, the automobile industry is accompanied by the current social background, and has also received unprecedented opportunities for development. People's living standards have improved, and the popularity of cars has also increased year by year. In the past, people were mainly pursuing the reliability and safety of the car. At present, people gradually pay attention to the comfort requirements for driving. Therefore, in modern cars, the air conditioning system is a necessary basic equipment. In the future, the optimization of air conditioning system has gradually become the trend of development.
In recent years, environmental protection has gradually become the focus of attention, and at the same time, it is also an important factor affecting the development of automobiles. People have begun to develop and pursue new energy vehicles, thus replacing traditional energy vehicles in order to protect the environment. So, this has brought new challenges for the automotive air conditioning system.
In this regard, the author, based on the three angles of the structure, working principle and inspection and maintenance of the air conditioning system, makes a systematic and comprehensive exposition.
Key words: air conditioning system, structure, working principle, inspection and maintenance

目  錄
1  汽車空調技術簡介    1
1.1  汽車空調技術發展    1
1.2  汽車空調的特點    1
1.3  汽車空調的性能評價指標    1
2  汽車空調的組成    1
2.1  空調系統的組成    1
2.1.1  制冷裝置    2
2.1.2  暖風裝置    2
2.1.3  通風裝置    2
2.1.4  加濕裝置    2
2.1.5  空氣凈化裝置    2
2.1.6  控制裝置    2
2.2  汽車空調系統的分類    2
2.2.1  按照汽車驅動方式進行劃分    2
2.2.2  按照汽車空調的功能進行劃分    2
2.2.3  按照空調溫度調節去進行劃分    2
3  汽車空調的基本原理    2
3.1制冷系統的部件介紹    3
3.2  汽車空調制冷系統的工作原理    3
3.2.1  壓縮過程    3
3.2.2  放熱過程    3
3.2.3  節流過程    3
3.2.4  吸熱過程    3
4  汽車空調系統常見的故障    3
4.1  有大量濕氣存在于制冷系統之中    3
4.2  缺少夠量的制冷劑    4
4.3  制冷劑的循環存在問題    4
4.4  制冷劑出現不循環的現象    4
4.5  過量存在的制冷劑或冷凝器制冷效果不好    4
5  總結    4
參考文獻    4
致謝    4

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